The Venezuelan government has published a decree requiring taxpayers with crypto operations in the country to pay their taxes in cryptocurrencies. Similarly, operators of foreign currencies must pay their taxes in those currencies. The decree states that the change is necessary for the “strengthening of the current fiscal regime.”
Paying Taxes in Cryptocurrencies
The Venezuelan government published the official gazette No. 6,420 dated Dec. 28 on Monday, local media reported. It contains Decree No. 3,719 which outlines new tax payment rules for cryptocurrency operators. Dinero publication explained:
The government of President Nicolás Maduro published a decree that will require taxpayers who carry out operations in foreign currencies or cryptocurrencies to pay their taxes in that same currency and not in bolivars.
The decree states that “the Venezuelan people are currently facing a fierce war waged by internal and external factors that pursue the deterioration of the economy, which is why it is necessary to adopt sufficient measures to ensure the strengthening of the current fiscal regime.” The Ministry of Popular Power of Economy and Finance is in charge of the execution of the decree which is effective as of the time of the publication in the national gazette.
Article one of the decree states that taxpayers in Venezuela “who carry out operations” in foreign currencies or cryptocurrencies as authorized by the law “must determine and pay [their tax] obligations in a foreign currency or cryptocurrency.”
Two exemptions are listed in the decree: “transactions of securities traded on a stock exchange” and “the export of goods and services, carried out by public bodies or entities.”
Furthermore, the decree describes that payments such as tax refunds for cases established in the decree will be made in the “national currency.”
Using Petro for Tax Calculations
Maracaibo Municipality in Venezuela’s Zulia State recently announced that it will use the national “cryptocurrency,” the petro, as the basis for business tax calculations, Runrunes reported. The announcement created some confusion among residents, who thought that they would have to pay their taxes in petros.
On Tuesday, the intendant of Servicio Desconcentrado de Administración Tributaria (Sedemat), Jean Carlos Martínez, clarified to Noticia al Dia publication that “taxpayers will not be charged taxes in petros.” He elaborated:
We are using the value of the petro as a reference unit to be able to determine the minimum tax, since the ordinance of the current economic unit is still stipulated in percentages of gross income.
He added that the petro has two values: one as a cryptocurrency and the other is “as a unit of account that translates into 9,000 sovereign bolivars, which will be used in passport procedures or current salaries.”
The new decree establishes “that the payment of taxes will be made depending on the economic activity of each company or microenterprise,” the news outlet noted. Martinez was then quoted as saying, “If someone had transactions in petro, bitcoin or other currency, [they] should declare [their income] according to the currency that [they] manage.”