It was a surreal scene in an increasingly surreal country. Three prominent cryptocurrency proponents turned up at a forum at Venezuela’s central bank in late December, extolling the virtues of digital tokens as a way for the beleaguered country to fix its broken economy. Even for a government known for magical thinking, the idea was pretty rich: By starting the world’s first sovereign cryptocurrency, Venezuela could overcome its dire economic problems, from soaring inflation to cratering economic growth and perhaps the biggest drag of all, a raft of U.S. sanctions cutting it off from the global financial system.
A couple weeks earlier, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro made a surprise announcement on state TV, saying that his socialist government would soon introduce a digital token called the Petro, which would be backed by some of the country’s massive crude oil reserves. The trio of crypto proponents sitting on stage had been brought in to give credence to the idea. In retrospect, the irony is thick: anti-authority blockchain evangelists mingling with bureaucrats from one one of the world’s most repressive governments.
At the event, Evercoin exchange founder Miko Matsumura, digital-currency attorney Carol Van Cleef, and Bitcoin Center NYC founder Nick Spanos praised the idea of an open currency and a transparent marketplace, according to people familiar with the event. During his presentation, Spanos, an outspoken crypto advocate, referred to Venezuela as “the Western Hemisphere’s next Dubai.” Yet afterward, all three stopped short of signing onto the government’s technical specs for the Petro, enshrined in a white paper that has circulated among the top levels of Maduro’s government and has, over time, become more and more a political document infused with socialist doctrine.
In an emailed response to questions a few weeks later, Spanos did not endorse specifically the idea of the Petro, saying that “any country that embraces free market ideas will see wealth increase.” Matsumura and Van Cleef did not respond to requests for comment.
Two months later, Venezuela is set to unveil the Petro and put it up for sale in hopes of attracting billions of dollars from foreign investors. The Petro officially goes up for sale on Feb. 20. It will be weeks if not months before we know how well it does. However, it turns out that the sale is the culmination of months of work, much of it done quietly by top bureaucrats loyal to Maduro. Working alongside them has been a 27-year-old Venezuelan technology entrepreneur named Gabriel Jimenez, who says he’s spent months helping develop the concept of the Petro and remains certain of its power to fix what ails Venezuela. “This is a lot more ambitious than just a cryptocurrency. It’s a project which I, along with a national and international team, have worked arduously to benefit this country,” says Jimenez. He says he hasn’t been paid for his work and will be compensated only in Petros if the token succeeds.
For the past seven months, Jimenez has been part of a government team working in secret in Caracas to study how cryptocurrencies could alleviate some of Venezuela’s deepest problems, including its recent lack of bank notes. Despite importing billions of banknotes, Venezuela’s worthless currency has struggled to keep up with quadruple-figure inflation that values the highest-denominated bill (100,000 bolivars) at just 50 cents. As a result, ATMs are empty across Caracas, and local banks limit customers to withdrawals equivalent to just a few cents a day.
Last summer, the government created a Superintendency of Cryptocurrency and put Carlos Vargas, a member of Maduro’s all-powerful constituent assembly, in charge of it. For his headquarters, Vargas choose a building in downtown Caracas, where he set up shop downstairs from the office of a pro-government news site named Primicias 24. Inside, pictures of the revolutionary Che Guevara hang on the wall and dozens of 1,500-page red-covered books—collections of quotes from the late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez—gather dust in a corner underneath the stairs.
Less than two weeks after his promotion, Vargas and Science and Technology Minister Hugbel Roa flew to China, where the People’s Bank of China has run trials of its own prototype cryptocurrency. Behind the scenes, Venezuela’s Petro architects have rushed to outline a framework for the token. Rather than create a blockchain system from scratch, they decided to build the Petro on top of the Ethereum network.
Maduro’s spontaneous, running commentary on the Petro during his near-daily television appearances has caused headaches for the Petro team, which must constantly change the currency’s parameters or speed up work to fit the president’s latest ideas, according to two people with the project. For example, in December, when Maduro announced that virtual exchange houses were in a trial stage, they were just being programmed, two people familiar with the work said…
Read Full: Venezuela Is Jumping Into the Crypto Craze